Comparison of Children Who Do and Do Not Stutter Regarding Dimensions of Temperament, Aspects of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Anxiety Types

Mehmet Emrah Cangi, Ahsen Erim Full Text: PDF


The aim of this study was to compare school-age children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) in terms of temperament dimensions, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) aspects and anxiety types. Participants were 32 CWS (Age range = 8–11) and 32 CWNS (Age range=8-11). The Conners’ Parent Rating Scale Long Form-Revised, Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale–Parent and The School-Age Temperament Inventory were administered to collect data. Also, the stuttering severity of the CWS was measured using the Stuttering Severity Instrument-4. CWS had significantly higher scores for certain temperament dimensions (eg. negative reactivity), ADHD aspects and anxiety types than CWNS. However, no significant relationship was found between the stuttering severity and other variables. The present study showed that some ADHD aspects and anxiety types can accompany stuttering. Also, it can be suggested that the CWS exhibits a different profile in terms of some temperament dimensions than CWNS.

Keywords: ADHD, anxiety, stuttering, temperament