Self-Esteem, Attachment, Gender Roles and Social Approval as Predictors of the Attitudes Toward Dating Violence

  • Rana Turan
  • Baki Duy Anadolu Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Rehberlik ve Psikolojik Danışmanlık Bölümü


The main purpose of the current research was to investigate the predictive role of gender roles, attachment, self-esteem and social approval in attitudes toward dating violence among college students. The participants of the study were 842 college students studying at different faculties of Anadolu University. The instruments of the study were The Intimate Partner Violence Attitude Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Gender Roles Attitudes Scale, Experience in Close Relationships Inventory-II, Social Confirmation Scale and Personal Information Form developed by the researcher was used to collect the data of the study. T-test, ANOVA, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, and hierarchical regression anlaysis methods were empolyedto analyze the data and descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficients were computed. Gender comparisons showed that male college students had higher scores in abuse, and control dimensions as well as the total score. Findings of the hierarchical regression anlaysis yielded thatgender role attittudes had predictive role in all dimensions of dating violence attitudes. As avoidant attachment dimensionsignificantly predicted violence dimension of dating violence, anxious attachment dimension significantly predicted abuse and control dimensions. Futhermore, self-esteem significanlty predictedcontrol dimension. Findings of the study are discussed under the light of the current literatüre, and sugesstions are.