The Study of Adaptation of the Positive and Negative Rumination Scale into Turkish

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine Positive and Negative Rumination Scale (PNRS) developed by Yang et. al. (2018) to study on the adaptation into Turkish on a group of university students. As a result of the first order confirmatory factor analysis applied, it was concluded that the structure with five factors showed sufficient compatibility. In addition, in order to examine the factor structure of PNRS enjoy happiness (EH) and positive coping (PC) to be loaded into positive rumination (PR); suppress happiness (SH), negative attribution (NA), and self- deny (SD) to be loaded into negative rumination (NR) showed that the form was compatible with the factor structure of the Turkish form which was indicated for the 2- factor second order confirmatory factor which it is specified to, it was found that the second order structure with 2 factors gave sufficient fit and that the original factor structure was compatible with the factor structure of the Turkish form. The reliability analysis results of the scale have also given satisfactory results. Validity reliability analysis results for the scale show that the scale can be used as a valid and reliable measurement tool.

In addition, in order to examine the factor structure of PNRS enjoy  happiness (EH)  and positive coping (PC) to be loaded into positive rumination (PR); suppress happiness (SH), negative attribution (NA), and self- deny (SD) to be loaded into negative rumination (NR) showed that the form was compatible with the factor structure of the Turkish form which was indicated for the 2- factor second order confirmatory factor which it is specified to, it was found that the second order structure with 2 factors gave sufficient fit and that the original factor structure was compatible with the factor structure of the Turkish form.

In the sub-dimensions of the scale, cronbach alpha internal consistency reliability coefficient has been observed varying between .65 and .88 and where the test-retest correlation varying between .61 and .74. According to the calculations for the criterion-related validity of the PNRS, it was found that depression associated with positive rumination showed negative correlation and negative rumination showed positive correlation; optimism showed positive correlation with positive rumination; negative correlation with negative rumination. Validity reliability analysis results for the scale show that the scale can be used as a valid and reliable measurement tool.

Keywords: Rumination, Positive Rumination, Negative Rumination, Validity, Reliability

Published
2022-09-14