Turkish Adaptation of Basic Psychological Needs For Energy Conservation: Reliability and Validity Study

  • Birgül Çakır Yıldırım Assistant Professor
  • Özgül Yılmaz Tüzün Professor

Abstract

In this study the Basic Psychological Needs for Energy Conservation Scale developed by Sweeney, Webb, Mazzarol and Sautar (2014) was adapted to Turkish by ensuring its validity and reliability. Pilot study and main study were conducted with two different samples. Pilot study consists of 172 preservice science teachers and main study consists of 1136 preservice science teachers. While adapting the scale to Turkish, content and construct validity along with back-to-back translation were achieved. In terms of construct validity exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were applied to different samples to test the structure of the scale. Both analyses revealed that the scale has two factors: autonomy/competence and relatedness. The desired goodness of fit values was attained for CFA. In order to address the reliability of the scale, item analysis, Cronbach Alpha reliability and item-total correlation analysis were conducted. All these analyses confirmed the reliability of the scale.  All of the validity and reliability analysis revealed that Turkish version of Basic Psychological Needs for Energy Conservation Scale is valid and reliable, and it can be used for further studies.

Author Biographies

Birgül Çakır Yıldırım, Assistant Professor

Assistant Professor Birgül Çakır Yıldırım completed her undergraduate in Science Education at Süleyman Demirel University and completed graduate studies in the field of Science Education at Middle East Technical University (METU) and received her doctorate degree in Science Education from METU. Her research areas are environmental education, education for sustainability, teacher training, science education, motivation, misconceptions. She is currently working as an Assistant Professor in Primary Education Department at Ağrı Ibrahim Çeçen University.

Özgül Yılmaz Tüzün, Professor

Professor Özgül Yılmaz Tüzün completed her undergraduate and graduate studies in the field of Biology Education at Middle East Technical University (METU) and received her doctorate degree in Science Education from Indiana University. Her research areas are teacher training, science education, sociological scientific issues, environmental education, epistemological beliefs, self-efficacy, misconceptions. She is currently working as a Professor in Mathmatics and Science Education Department at METU.

Published
2022-09-14