The Role of Academic Motivation in Predicting Turkish Undergraduates’ Life Satisfaction and Academic Procrastination

Meryem Demir Güdül, Gürhan Can, Aydoğan Aykut Ceyhan Full Text: PDF

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to determine and develop the motivational profiles of university students through a person-centered approach, and to examine the relationship between motivational profiles, academic procrastination, and life satisfaction. The study participants comprised 1,770 college students, who were categorized into three main profiles: (a) students with high levels of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation but with low level of amotivation (33.8%), those with a “high level academic motivation profile”; (b) students with moderate levels of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation but with low levels of amotivation (44.9%), those with a “medium level academic motivation profile”; and (c) students with low levels of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation with  high levels of amotivation (21.3%), those with a “low level academic motivation profile. The results of this study revealed that students with a high-level academic motivation profile showed a high level of life satisfaction and a low level of academic procrastination. The results also show that students with medium-level academic motivation profile showed higher levels of life satisfaction than that of students with a low-level academic motivation profile.  However, the academic procrastination level of students with medium-level academic motivation was found to be lower than that of students with a low-level academic motivation profile.


Keywords: Academic motivation, motivation profiles, self-determination theory, academic procrastination, life satisfaction