A Study for the Prediction of the Social Anxiety Level of University Students Through Emotional Intelligence Features

Ayse Esra Aslan, Nihan Kalkan, Münevver Başman, K. Gamze Yaman Full Text: PDF

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to determine the power of emotional intelligence and demographic characteristics of the university students studying in various departments (nmale = 54, nfemale = 149, ntotal = 203) to predict their social anxiety levels. The study was conducted with a predictive correlational survey model. Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), Emotional Intelligence Test (BarON-EQ), and demographic information form were used to collect data.  Sub-objectives were examined by ANOVA and independent samples t-test followed by post-hoc analysis. Stepwise regression analysis was used for the predictive power of BarON-EQ test scores to predict Social Anxiety scores. Among the Emotional Intelligence scores, significant results were obtained in favor of females for Interpersonal Relations total scores, Empathy and Social Responsibility subscale scores, and in favor of males for Independence and Stress Management scores. According to the progressive regression analysis for the Bar'On EQ-i test, Assertiveness and Independence scores within the scope of the “Person-Specific” dimension can predict social anxiety by 18%, and also interpersonal relations and social responsibility scores within the scope of interpersonal components can predict social anxiety by 9%.


Keywords: Social anxiety, emotional intelligence, social phobia in young people