The Role of Protective Factors and Personal Variables in Predicting Prosocial Behaviors of Adolescents

Zeynep Aydın Sünbül, Songül Sonay Güçray Full Text: PDF (Türkçe)


The purpose of this study is to investigate pro-social behaviors of adolescents at 14-18 years old in terms of protective factors (personal belief system, perceived social controls, pro-social behaviors, models for conventional behaviors and perceived social support) and some personal variables (gender, age, parent education level, income). The research was conducted with 571 high school students attending 9th, 10th and 11th grades. The data for examining pro-social behaviors was collected through “Pro-social Tendencies Measure” that was developed by Carlo and Randall (2002) and adapted to Turkish by Kumru, Carlo, and Edwards  (2004). The data related to protective factors of adolescents was collected via the related subscales of “Adolescent Health and Development Questionnaire” that was originally developed by Jessor, Turbin, and Costa (2004) and adapted to Turkish by Siyez (2006). Pearson Correlation Coefficient, multiple linear regression, t-test and non-parametric technique of Kruskall Wallis Test were used in analyzing the data.

According to the results of the research; positive self-perception related to personal belief system, social controls, pro-social behaviors and perceived social support are positively related to pro-social behavior tendencies of adolescents. Moreover, girls were found to have higher scores than boys in the total scores of pro-social behavior tendencies. Age, socio-economic status and parental education level were found insignificant variables in predicting prosocial behaviors.

Keywords: Adolescence, pro-social behaviors, protective factors