Helping Adolescents with Asperger Sydrome in School Setting: Report of Two Cases about School Counseling Studies

Nurten Karacan Özdemir, Leyla Vural Full Text: PDF (Türkçe)

Abstract

Asperger Sydrome is unified with Autism Spectrum Disorder in DSM-5. It is indicated by some spesific characteristics in cognitive, emotional, social development as well as psyco-motor and behavioral skills. In order to foster integration into society, it is crucial to consider these individual characteristics while implementing preventive studies for adolescents with AS. In the current study, the difficulties faced with two middle school students, and the resulting intervention by the school counseling department were reported. In adolescence, social acceptance and belonging to a group is a developmental need. However, in AS adolescents, social impairments prevent these needs from being satisfied. These difficulties were overcome byforming of new class groups every year, interviews with the affected students, collaborations with other students, and group counseling. Additionally, it was observed, that effective parental collaboration and establishment of close relationships with the AS students were necessary. This was also the case where teacher co-operation was required in tailoring school rules to suit the individual AS student. It might be difficult to identify, evaluate and support the adolescents with AS in the school settings for teachers, school administrators and school counselors who are expected to provide information and support. This study was presented to demonstrate the blueprint for integrating practices in the school setting and to underline their importance and influences.

Keywords: Asperger Sydrome (AS), autism, adolescence, guidance, school counseling