Development of Social Skill Assessment Scale and Examination of Its Psychometric Properties

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Abstract

This study is aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Social Skill Assessment Scale that is designed to assess the social skill level in 4-15 aged children and adolescent. In order to evaluate the child, scale is filled by the parents, teacher, or another relative of the child. Scale is composed of 76 items, containing Likert type response options, and seven subscales of Initiating and Sustaining Relationships Skills, Assertiveness Skills, Skills for Emotions, Coping with Impulsivity and Aggressive Behavior Skills, Problem Solving Skills, Plan Making Skills, Interaction with a Group and Execution of an Assignment Skills. In order to assess 4-15 years old children, the scale was administered to total of 727 people, including 69 mothers, 99 fathers, 179 teachers and 80 relatives, who are responsible for maintenance of the child. With a single row of seven-factor structure, this scale with confirmatory factor analysis has been shown to give not strong but acceptable level of compliance index values. For the whole scale, test-retest reliability coefficient of 0.63, and both for SBDÖ/4-6 scale and SBDÖ/7-12 scale criterion validity of 0.75 are obtained. The internal consistency coefficient for the scale in general was 0.97, for the subscales it was between 0.84 and 0.92.

Keywords: Social skill scale, social skill level, validity, reliability